History - Tourism and economical
tourism in the ´´Goitzsche``
is the ´´Goitzsche``
is a kind of landscape near Bitterfeld. During the last 100 years, this
landscape suffered from far-reaching changes: a meadow-forest area
became a ´´moon landscape``.
At present a cultural landscape
is arising here in the biggest art-project worldwide.
Storm in the "Goitzsche" (before 1990)
cultural landscape ´´Goitzsche``
||The former open-cast mining area of the ´´Goitzsche``
in the South and in the East of Bitterfeld covers 60 km2.
Several open-cast minings were very near to each other.
Several waters will expand on a surface of about 23 km2
in the area of the ´´Goitzsche``, more than 100 km of shoreline
stretch along these lakes.
The EXPO-Project ´´The Cultural Landscape Goitzsche`` turns
the open-cast mining into a recreational centre. Many of these remaining
holes in the eastern German brown coal district have been flooded. At the
same time recreational areas are coming into being.For making this landscape
near Bitterfeld to an extraordinary one artists of landscape, architects,
miners and members of different local branches together with the EXPO Saxony-Anhalt
became committed to the new forming of the shoreline.
The new surface of the landscape will remind us of the natural changes
by man. In responsability for the landscape as a part of our historical
environment it is also important to set signs of rearrangement which are
worth to be recollected of. The matter-of-fact that the landscape was a
sign of the industrial intervention and consumption shall not be concealed.
history of the ´´Goitzsche``
The forest of the ´´Goitzsche`` as a recreational
picture: In the meadow of the River Mulde - the ´´Goitzsche``
In the southeast of Bitterfeld there was once a meadow forest area of
700 hectars, called the ´´Goitzsche``.
This mixed deciduous forest was a famous destination of the entire
In the "Muldenaue" - The "Goitzsche" before coalmining
The first coaltrain 1952
1680 They found the so-called ´´Black Earth`` in the area
1795 They tried for the first time to mine the brown coal. This try
failed because of penetrating ground water.
1839 The first successful brown coal open-cast mining enterprise near
Bitterfeld was founded. In the following years several pits for brown coal
mining were tapped in the territory around Bitterfeld.
1949 The tapping of the ´´Goitzsche`` as a brown coal open-cast
mine began. To be able to mine the available coal, courses of the rivers
were moved, the ground water was diverted and even whole villages were
excavated, which was connected to the resettlement of 3,836 inhabitants.
1975 They discovered great amber deposits in the territory of the ´´Goitzsche``.
Until 1990 400 t of amber were quarried and provided to the jewellery
industry. Oak trunks which were also found there were processed into veneers
and pieces of jewellery.
The main customer of the brown coal was the chemical industry around
Bitterfeld which covered its energy requirement by brown coal.
1991 the open-cast mine ´´Goitzsche`` was closed down and
the region was handed over to redevelopment.
conveyer "Absetzer" at work
Today the ´´moon landscape``, left behind by the open-cast
mining, shall be brought to nature again. Therefore the remaining holes
of the open-cast mining are flooded to achieve a balanced water level.
The aim is the creation of an attractive recreational area with an extension
of 60 km2 including a water landscape of 24 km2 with
bays, peninsulas and islands.
Redevelopment area ´´Goitzsche``
||ca. 25 km2
||ca. 400 million. m3
||9 remaining holes of the open-cast mining
flooding of the ´´Goitzsche``
Because of the natural rising of the ground water, it would
have been penetrating into the closed down open-cast mining area. This
process would have taken decades and because of dangerous waste of the
past in the soil a bad water quality could have been expected.
The flooding of the ´´Goitzsche`` with water from the River
Mulde is possible to stop the acidification.
The ´´moon landscape`` has been disappearing step by step,
the lake has constantly been filled up and the ancient dream of man ´´to
build gardens out of deserts``(Walter Gropius) will be realised.
Gate of entry
art projects of landscape in the ´´Goitzsche``