History - Tourism and economical tourism in the ´´Goitzsche``
Project Team:

Jana Mattukat,
Christian Höher, 
Andreas Janke, 
Stephan Baer, 
Dirk Krüger

Teamleader:

S. Müller



 
1. 
What is the ´´Goitzsche``
The ´´Goitzsche`` is a kind of landscape near Bitterfeld. During the last 100 years, this landscape suffered from far-reaching changes:  a meadow-forest area became a ´´moon landscape``.
At present a cultural landscape is arising here in the biggest art-project worldwide.


Storm in the "Goitzsche" (before 1990)

     

2. The cultural landscape ´´Goitzsche``
The former open-cast mining area of the ´´Goitzsche`` in the South  and in the East of Bitterfeld covers 60 km2. Several open-cast minings were very near to each other.

 

Several waters will expand on a surface of about 23 km2 in the area of the ´´Goitzsche``, more than 100 km of shoreline stretch along these lakes. 
The EXPO-Project ´´The Cultural Landscape Goitzsche`` turns the open-cast mining into a recreational centre. Many of these remaining holes in the eastern German brown coal district have been flooded. At the same time recreational areas are coming into being.For making this landscape near Bitterfeld to an extraordinary one artists of landscape, architects, miners and members of different local branches together with the EXPO Saxony-Anhalt became committed to the new forming of the shoreline.
The new surface of the landscape will remind us of the natural changes by man. In responsability for the landscape as a part of our historical environment it is also important to set signs of rearrangement which are worth to be recollected of. The matter-of-fact that the landscape was a sign of the industrial intervention and consumption shall not be concealed.
3. The history of the ´´Goitzsche``
The forest of the ´´Goitzsche`` as a recreational area
picture: In the meadow of the River Mulde - the ´´Goitzsche`` before mining

In the southeast of Bitterfeld there was once a meadow forest area of 700 hectars, called the ´´Goitzsche``.
This mixed deciduous forest was a famous destination of the entire region.
 


In the "Muldenaue" - The "Goitzsche" before coalmining
The first coaltrain 1952

The ´´Black Earth``
1680 They found the so-called ´´Black Earth`` in the area around Bitterfeld.
1795 They tried for the first time to mine the brown coal. This try failed because of penetrating ground water.
1839 The first successful brown coal open-cast mining enterprise near Bitterfeld was founded. In the following years several pits for brown coal mining were tapped in the territory around Bitterfeld.
1949 The tapping of the ´´Goitzsche`` as a brown coal open-cast mine began. To be able to mine the available coal, courses of the rivers were moved, the ground water was diverted and even whole villages were excavated, which was connected to the resettlement of 3,836 inhabitants.
1975 They discovered great amber deposits in the territory of the ´´Goitzsche``.
Until 1990  400 t of amber were quarried and provided to the jewellery industry. Oak trunks which were also found there were processed into veneers and pieces of jewellery. 
The main customer of the brown coal was the chemical industry around Bitterfeld which covered its energy requirement by brown coal.
1991 the open-cast mine ´´Goitzsche`` was closed down and the region was handed over to redevelopment.
 


conveyer "Absetzer" at work


Today the ´´moon landscape``, left behind by the open-cast mining, shall be brought to nature again. Therefore the remaining holes of the open-cast mining are flooded to achieve a balanced water level. The aim is the creation of an attractive recreational area with an extension of 60 km2 including a water landscape of 24 km2 with bays, peninsulas and islands.
 

Redevelopment area ´´Goitzsche``
size: 60 km2
water area: ca. 25 km2
water content: ca. 400 million. m3
shoreline: 66 km
unity of: 9 remaining holes of the open-cast mining
4. The flooding of the ´´Goitzsche``
Because of the natural rising of the ground water, it would have been penetrating into the closed down open-cast mining area. This process would have taken decades and because of dangerous waste of the past in the soil a bad water quality could have been expected.
The flooding of the ´´Goitzsche`` with water from the River Mulde is possible to stop the acidification.
The ´´moon landscape`` has been disappearing step by step, the lake has constantly been filled up and the ancient dream of man ´´to build gardens out of deserts``(Walter Gropius) will be realised.
 


Gate of entry


5. The art projects of landscape in the ´´Goitzsche``
 
"Pegelturm" with Seabridge
Wolfgang Christ (D)
Friedersdorf shoreline

The Cones and the Hills
Marc Babarit, Gilles Bruni (F)
Peninsula Pouch

AGORA
Bureau of landscape architecture
Knoll Ökoplan, Leipzig (D)
Peninsula Pouch

The Guardians of the "Goitzsche"
Anatol Herzfeld (D)
Paupitzsch shoreline

The Boats
Klaas Kamphuis (NL)
Peninsula Pouch
 

Labyrinths
Zenon Polus (POL)
Peninsula Pouch

The hidden river
Herman Prigann (D)
Pouch shoreline

The Skin
Hartmut Renner (D)
Peninsula Pouch
 

Swimming Stones
Nadia Schmidt (D)
Pouch shoreline

Water Skyline of Bitterfelder
Team Gilles Vexlard (F)
Bitterfeld shoreline
 


Contents
1. What is the "Goitzsche"
2. The cultural landscape "Goitzsche"
3. The history of the "Goitzsche"
4. The flooding of the Goitzsche"
5. The art projects of landscape in the "Goitzsche"
 
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