Biology - Alteration and Flooding of former mining areas

Realisation and remodelling of the open - cast mine area to the cultural landscape Goitzsche
Culture landscape "Goitzsche" 

For the EXPO 2000 the former federal minister for environment Angela Merkel wanted to document the historically unique change in Germany 10 years after the reunification by the project of remodelling of the old pits and pitheads. According to Merkel, around 8 million DM were spent for the „Greatest Project of the Redevelopment of Environment of Europe“ since 1991. The overall costs of the project are 20 billion DM because the reestablishment of the groundwater level is expensive and lengthly.

06/07/1998 - 1. Probationary flooding

The flooding of the opencast mining areas by the help of the water of the River Mulde. The flooding should be finished around 2002. 

26th April, 1999 - Young linden trees at the Agora - Park

40 young linden trees were planted at the Agora - Park, which adorn the lakeside of the future lake „Goitzsche“. By this plantoperation on the peninsula Pouch, the Rotary-Club put a sign for the formation of the „Hochkippe“. The expenses were 70,000 DM for buying and transporting plants. 

6th June, 1999 - Beginning of the project water - level, tower and seabridge

The level tower gets ist shape of a coil, of which the height is determined by the rise of the water  level of the Goitzsche (lake). The coil is a spiral staircare, which makes it possible for the visitors to reach the viewing platform. The level tower is situated next to the flooding install  action of Mühlbeck along the federal highway (B 100). The draft and the design was developed by Prof. Wolfgang Christ, architect and town planning manager of the media  city Weimar. Finally the leveltower drifts on the water, the rising water  level should be indicated by that. Horst Tischer, former county councillor of Bitterfeld, described the level tower as „kleinen Eiffelturm“ of the area.

Since 1984 environmental walking days have been organized. The first tour led through Möhlau. On 5th June, 1999 the 16th environmental walking day took place, the aim was a 13 km long hike through the Goitzsche (area).

Another project was the building of a shore promenade in Bitterfeld, which at the moment already exists. Furthermore shops and houses (residental homes), sportsgrounds, playgrounds and a port will be built. The shore promenade ranges over a distance from 2.5 km from Fritz - Heinrich - Stadion to the level tower.

The landscape artist Herrmann Prigann (Spain) created the course of the old Mulde River, which had to make way for mining.

This is a reminiscence of the former course of the river, Prigann has reset the Mulde River in form of ground waves which are different covered. Formed out of different grounds, set with bouldes, planted with roses and low bushes the waves pass on the history of the river. Hermann Prigann said: „I have registrated the history and I have had a critical look at the landscape of this charming wasteland of desert and the feelings of the people here. The Mulde River belongs to this piece of landscape.“

One of the projects out of the largest open air projects of art in the world is created near Pouch. The artist Hartmut Renner covers the new landscape with his project „The Skin“ and this covers their wounds. From different grounds and plants an intensively coloured surface structure is supposed come into being. 

The Agora-Peninsula Pouch

The Agora has the shape of an ear. The designers and artists want to emphasize the deliberately - produced acoustic characteristics. The draft of the hearingexperience area was created together with the sound artist Andreas Bosshard from Zurich. 
Furthermore he has been  planning an acoustic scenery of mirrors with a forest reproducing special sound effects. 

The Agora shall become a central place for events in the Goitzsche. It covers an area of about 5,000 m2 and offers room for 4,000 people. Its lowest point is 5 m under the lawn edge and its highest one 6 m over the ground level - comparable to a ring.22 seat or standing tiers, which are divided by 8666 granite blocks, are terraced in style. The Agora, that  can also be used for open-air concerts, should be part of a natural stage in between the world`s largest landscape art project.

The Labyrinth ­ Project

It was built by Zenon Polus (Poland). The four fortresslike buildings, which belong to that project, are in between  a pineforest on the peninsula Pouch. Out of the labyrinth you have different views, expressing various characteristics of the landscape. The four 40x40 ­ big labyrinths are put on in coats in  deliberately ­ coarse stone structure. The different views out of the ruins show the forest and will open the view of the Goitzsche ­ Lake later on. The labyrinth is topless. It symbolizes the man being open to further changes in life.

Marc Babarit and Gilles Bruni (France) have created hills and cones which are supposed to remind of past forms of former opencast mine landscape. The mountains are covered with material from the mine, lite rubble and sand, steel rails and rusty pieces of metal that will soon have disappeared. 

Floating islands

This is how Nadia Schmidt (Germany) called her work of art. With her project the intensively red coloured stones of the Goitzsche were rescued from sinking and consequently kept alive for future generations.

The Guards

Anatol Herzfeld (Germany) set up the guards of the Goitzsche. The figures form a group around a boulder from the opencast mine, pupils are supposed to work out stories about them which will be included in the work of art.Meanwhile all these projects are realized and became a crowdpuller. (next)

1. Geographical position of opencast mining areas
2. Historical development of former opencast mining areas and their remains
3. Planning and alteration of the Goitzsche
4. Flooding of the former mining area
5. Realisation and remodelling of the open-cast mine area to the cultural landscape Goitzsche
6. Survey of inland waters quality

Übersicht Projekte